PAE Offers Minimally Invasive Option for Men With Enlarged Prostates
Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment for enlarged prostate and should be presented as a treatment option for appropriately selected patients, according to a new position statement from the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR), the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe, the Société Française de Radiologie, and the British Society of Interventional Radiology. The multisociety and multidisciplinary position statement, which was published in the May edition of SIR’s Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, recommends PAE as a “valuable minimally invasive option for patients who cannot tolerate or who have failed medical therapy and those who are poor surgical candidates or refuse invasive surgery.”
Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is one of the most common medical conditions in older men, affecting 70% of men older than 70. More than 20 studies including more than 2,000 patients with moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH show that PAE has shorter recovery and fewer complications than traditional surgery and improves symptoms and quality of life to a greater degree than medical therapy.
The societies endorse PAE as “a definitive treatment option for multiple underserved patient groups, who may not have satisfactory urologic treatment options.” These patient groups include older patients with multiple medical conditions, patients with very large prostates, patients with bleeding from the prostate, patients with long-term bladder catheters, patients who cannot stop anticoagulation therapies, and patients who desire to preserve sexual function. “These patients are often poor candidates for surgery, but can be excellent candidates for PAE,” the societies said in the statement.
During PAE, an interventional radiologist makes a tiny puncture in either the groin or wrist to insert a catheter into an artery and, using image guidance, directs the catheter to the blood vessels on both sides of the enlarged prostate gland. The doctor uses small beads to block the blood flow to the prostate, which results in the gland’s shrinkage. Unlike surgery, PAE avoids access through the urethra, anesthesia, and hospitalization.
In addition to the four societies that authored the guidelines, the guidelines were endorsed by the Asia Pacific Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Canadian Association for Interventional Radiology, Chinese College of Interventionalists, Interventional Radiology Society of Australasia, Japanese Society of Interventional Radiology, and Korean Society of Interventional Radiology.— Source: Society of Interventional Radiology